Abstract: Institutional theory has been widely applied in human resource management (HRM) and organisational research, particularly in the study of multinational companies (MNCs). Despite this, there is no consensus among institutional scholars about the relevance of some of the institutional concepts used in HRM and MNC research. This paper critically reviews the key concepts of institutional theory in relation to HRM and in the context of MNCs. The paper highlights the aspects of these concepts that researchers may consider when applying institutional theory to future HR and MNC research.
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